View OJK21 futures and commodity data and compare to other futures, stocks and exchanges. Orange juice is suddenly hot. Allowed countries of origin are the U.S., Brazil, Costa Rica and Mexico. This innovation led orange juice concentrate to become big business—it became a Wall Street commodity soon after, with traders buying and selling futures on the market. Cookies were "dry and crumbly" with a "hockey puck" texture, and the satay sauce was "stiff," "gritty," and "gloopy.". Frozen concentrated orange juice is easy to carry home, lasts up to two years in the freezer, is cheaper than refrigerated juice, and takes up little space until you reconstitute it. With its only additive a negligible amount of salt, the only truly natural peanut butter in the lineup elicited comments ranging from mild dissatisfaction ("needs enhancement with salt and sugar") to outright disgust ("slithery," "chalky," "inedible"). 1 0 Ingalls & Snyder Investment Management Senior V.P. We were shocked to find that we actually liked two of the products. A wide variety of concentrated frozen orange juice options are available to you, such as normal, low-salt, and low-fat. Juice destined to be frozen concentrate goes to an evaporation chamber, where heat removes the water; the concentrate is then frozen. The list of abbreviations related to FCOJ - Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice The process for making frozen orange juice concentrate was developed in 1948 at the University of Florida, which allowed juice manufacturers to ship more of their wares out of the state. But we’d long written it off as a relic from the 1950s, when convenience often trumped freshness. Tasters thought it made an especially "well-balanced," "complex" peanut sauce. Orange juice is commonly marketed in three forms: as a frozen concentrate, which is diluted with water after purchase; as a reconstituted liquid, which has been concentrated and then diluted prior to sale; or as a single strength, unconcentrated beverage called NFC or Not From Concentrate. If you listen carefully they are talking about the orange crop itself and not the juice. The physical settlement of one contract equal to 15,000 pounds of orange solids is … Once the juice is fully frozen, remove the cover and suspend the container upside down over another container. However, the orange juice will remain safe to drink after this time if frozen a 0° F but its quality likely affected. But in 1949, in exchange for an undisclosed cash payment and 20,000 shares of Minute Maid stock, the company’s golden-voiced savior Bing Crosby came on board to sing frozen orange juice… It does not contain any preservatives. From now on, we’ll stock our freezer with our winning frozen concentrated orange juice—and never be caught without OJ again. The water crystals melt slower than the juice, so the initial drips are concentrated orange juice. These drinks usually have a longer shelf life than regular bottled beverages, so you can stock up for all occasions. £14.50 £ 14. A contract to sell, say, 1000 pounds of FCOJ at $1.50 per pound in February merely indicates the seller's obligation to provide and the buyer's obligation to purchase the product at the specified price and time. 1 - 4 1 to 4 of 4 products. Both types of orange juice may be enhanced with oils extracted from peels, and both are tested for Brix (sweetness) and acidity and then blended to suit brand specifications. It does not matter how or where the seller gets the product, as long as, one way or another, he is able to provid… So what of the lousy frozen orange juice that many of us remember from childhood? Juice country orange concentrated fruit drink makes 2L contains 25% fruit content. Store-bought orange juice can last 8 to 12 months in the freezer without lost quality while freshly squeezed orange juice will retain its quality for 3 to 4 months. Morrisons No Added Sugar Orange Juice Drink, 1L. crossword clue crossword clue. Roger Corrado on the shrinking market for frozen concentrated orange juice and the decline in food prices for consumers. This juice concentrate contains no added sugars, artificial flavors, or preservatives, and includes 100% of your daily recommended value of vitamin C. On the one hand, this organic peanut butter produced cookies that were "soft and sturdy" yet "moist," with "knockout peanut flavor." View the latest Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice Continuous Contract Stock (OJ00) stock price, news, historical charts, analyst ratings and financial information from WSJ. 50 (£1.21/l) £3.95 delivery. 1 second ago. Copyright © 2020 MarketWatch, Inc. All rights reserved. At the manufacturing stage, when juice from oranges has been extracted and the pulp removed, the product is processed into two forms: not-from-concentrate (NFC) or bulk frozen concentrated orange juice … The process for making frozen orange juice concentrate was developed in 1948 at the University of Florida, which allowed juice manufacturers to ship more of their wares out of the state. Every glass of Tropicana is filled with a million little sips of sunshine. Product Title Goya Fruta Curuba Pulp, 14 oz. The only other palm oil-based peanut butter to make the "recommended" cut, this contender had a "looser" texture than its winning sibling but still won fans for being "super-smooth." View OJ00 futures and commodity data and compare to … Adding three minutes to classic seven-minute icing actually means less work. Out of stock. I heard people are long OJ. Check stock in our stores. Cookie Notice. Organic Frozen Orange Juice Concentrate, 12 oz. Fruit Juice NFC’s can be supplied Cloudy or Clear in either Frozen or Aseptic forms both drums and bag in boxes. Both types of orange juice may be enhanced with oils extracted from peels, and both are tested for Brix (sweetness) and acidity and then blended to suit brand specifications. All quotes are in local exchange time. 4.6 out of 5 stars 3. If you have any other question or need extra help, please feel free to contact us or use the search box/calendar for any clue. A wide variety of frozen orange concentrate juice options are available to you, The FCOJ-A futures contract is the world benchmark contract for the global frozen concentrated orange juice market. View All companies. Posłuchaj, aby w końcu się nauczyć. OJ00 - Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice Continuous Contract Basic Chart, Quote and financial news from the leading provider and award-winning BigCharts.com. Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice May 2021 advanced future charts by MarketWatch. Currently unavailable. All rights reserved. View the latest Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice May 2021 Stock (OJK21) stock price, news, historical charts, analyst ratings and financial information from WSJ. Explore food stories big & small in our Webby-Winning Podcast, Proof! On the other hand, eating it straight from the jar was nearly impossible; its "loose," "liquid-y," and "dribbly" consistency had one taster wonder if it was "peanut soup.". In the commodity markets, frozen concentrate orange juice futures have soared 25% — just in the past month. Subscriber Agreement & Terms of Use, Fruit Juice Concentrates are produced by removing water from the juice of the fruit which means it is more concentrated and smaller in volume allowing for easier transportation. View the latest Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice Continuous Contract Stock (OJ00) stock price, news, historical charts, analyst ratings and financial information from WSJ. Historically, Orange Juice reached an all time high of 235 in November of 2016. Orange or citrus marmalade can be used in sauces and marinades instead of orange juice concentrate. Get America's Test Kitchen All Access — become the Smartest Cook you know, guaranteed. To test our assumption, we bought three nationally available products, added water according to directions, and held a blind taste test. A glass of fresh juice provides 496 international units of vitamin A -- 17 percent of the recommended daily intake for men and 21 percent for women, according to the Institute of Medicine -- while an equivalent serving of juice made from frozen concentrate offers just 266 international units. You can make concentrate at home or buy it in the frozen … On this page you will find the solution to Where frozen concentrated orange juice and Gatorade were invented: Abbr. Its rave reviews even compensated for a slightly "weak" nut flavor that didn't come through as well as that of other brands in the pungent satay sauce. The inclusion of flax seed oil, an unsaturated fat that's highly susceptible to rancidity. For the best MarketWatch.com experience, please update to a modern browser. Frozen 100% Orange Juice Concentrate

Bring the wholesome taste of 100% juice to your breakfast table with Great Value Orange Juice. Stock quotes by finanzen.net; Reprints & Permissions The words "Business Insider". However, it turned out a respectable batch of cookies—"chewy in the center, crisp and short at the edge"—and made "perfectly good" satay sauce. QUALITY The Quality Control is formed by member of staff with long experience and a well trained team, supported by latest technology and equipament. Repeating the freeze-and-drip process twice will result in a fine concentrate with minimal water content. It also contains less Vitamin C than fresh juice. The largest cultivation region for oranges in the U.S. is located in Florida which usually has ideal climate for the fruit growth. Flavor: Orange: Ingredients: Organic Orange Juice: Brand: Rocky Mountain Organic: Weight: 12 Ounces: About this item Unavailable . This particular form is suitable for storage and fits one of the criteria for inclusion in the futures arena: that the underlying commodity be deliverable. Today, FCOJ is a popular global commodity traded on futures exchanges and part of the multi-billion dollar orange juice industry. OJ00 - Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice Continuous Contract Detailed Chart, Quote and financial news from the leading provider and award-winning BigCharts.com. Orange Juice (ICE Futures) TFC Commodity Charts. Robinhood Will Restrict Access to MLPs and Other Investments, Latest round of PPP funding targets mom-and-pop businesses, Here are the stories that our readers just couldn’t stop clicking on in 2020, Tesla stock price target raised to $788 from $516 at JMP Securities, Rent-A-Center stock jumps 10% after $1.65 billion acquisition of fintech company, U.S. oil notches sharpest daily slide in over 6 weeks as viral spread sparks fresh demand worries, Tesla stock is giving back what it gained in the last minute before entering the S&P 500, Dow shakes off 424-point skid as investors weigh virus spread against relief deal. Learn real cooking skills from your favorite food experts, The iconic magazine that investigates how and why recipes work, American classics, everyday favorites, and the stories behind them, Experts teach 200+ online courses for home cooks at every skill level, Kid tested, kid approved: Welcome to America’s Test Kitchen for the next generation, $2.39 for 16.3-oz. Repeating the freeze-and-drip process twice will result in a fine concentrate with minimal water content. Unlike most commodities, orange juice futures are a relatively modern form of a basic agricultural market. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. The contract prices physical delivery of U.S. Grade A juice (with grading performed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture), in storage in exchange licensed warehouse in several U.S. delivery points. ... Out of stock. This is not a necessary part of the juice. These days, the evaporation process goes much faster than in the past, minimizing off flavors, according to Kristen Gunter, executive director of the Florida Citrus Processors Association. Today, most orange juice is sold chilled. This is what peanut butter should be like, " declared one happy taster, noting specifically this product's "good," "thick" texture and "powerful peanut flavor." 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. Orange Juice increased 22.95 USd/Lbs or 24.20% since the beginning of 2020, according to trading on a contract for difference (CFD) that tracks the benchmark market for this commodity. The contract prices physical delivery of U.S. Grade A juice (with grading performed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture), in storage in exchange licensed warehouse in several U.S. delivery points. Both types of orange juice may be enhanced with oils extracted from peels, and both are tested for Brix (sweetness) and acidity and then blended to suit brand specifications. 100% Orange Juice Serving Size 8 fl oz (240 mL) Amount Per Serving and % Daily Value*: Calories 110 Total Fat 0g 0%, Sodium 0mg 0%, Potassium 450mg 13%, Total Carbohydrate 26g 9%, Sugars 22g, Protein 2g, Vitamin C 120%, Thiamin 10%, Niacin 4%, Folate 15%. Stock quotes by finanzen.net; Reprints & Permissions The words "Business Insider". So we tasted our favorite frozen concentrate again, this time alongside our winning refrigerated orange juice. From our Pure Premium to our lower sugar Trop50, we have juice to suit everyone. Assume it is January and frozen concentrated orange juice is currently trading at 135 cents/pound (the spot price).An orange farmer expects his crop (1 … Orange juice can be made into frozen concentrate to increase its shelf life and facilitate shipping. Orange juice is one of the few actively traded contracts in the futures markets that’s based on a tropical fruit. Frozen Juice Concentrate. 25 years of Cook's Illustrated, Cook's Country, and America's Test Kitchen foolproof recipes, In-depth videos of recipes and cooking techniques, Up-to-Date reviews and product buying guides. Innocent Smooth Orange Juice, 1.35L. This concentrate is therefore also traded as “frozen concentrated orange … Average rating: 5 out of 5 stars, based on 1 reviews 1 ratings. By using this site you agree to the Find the latest Frozen Concentrated OJ (FCOJ-A) (OJG21.NYB) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and investing. The frozen concentrate is sold in small cans that don't take up much space, so it's easy to keep a variety of drinks on hand in the freezer. Let the frozen orange juice thaw drip by drip into the lower container until there’s only ice left. Fresh orange juice also contains more vitamin A than its frozen, concentrated counterpart. The big favorite in satay sauce, this peanut butter's "dark, roasted flavor"—helped by the addition of molasses—stood out particularly well against the other heady ingredients, and it made cookies with "nice sweet-salty balance." Amongst the possible applications Orange Juice Concentrate has, some are to be highlighted: fruit beverages, foods industrial applications, bakery products, ice cream, dairy products, soft drinks/drinks, ready meals, jams and syrups. Combined with the expansion of modern home refrigeration, frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) brought orange juice to millions of consumers. Discard the plain ice when the drops are no longer orange. And great if you are getting sick. Currently, frozen concentrated orange juice futures contracts trade on the ICE exchange. Leave room for expansion, cover and freeze. 1 day 2 days 5 days 10 days ---------- 1 month 2 months 3 months 6 months YTD 1 year 2 years 3 years 4 … This clue was last seen on December 3 2020 on New York Times’s Crossword. But Winthorpe and Valentine find out … orange juice concentrate price. Product Image. Because oranges are perishable, the futures contract tracks frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ). If you have product requirements that are not listed here, you can request a custom quote below: DOWNLOAD CATALOGUE. Serwis dla słuchowców, tworzony z pasją, na którym nauczysz się języka angielskiego online inaczej niż w szkole. The frozen concentrate is sold in small cans that don't take up much space, so it's easy to keep a variety of drinks on hand in the freezer. Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from this season of our TV show. Product Details. Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice (IFUS $/lbs) Front Month: 114.95¢ 0.45: 114.15¢ 115.50¢ 113.30¢ Dec 15, 2020 1:59 p.m. Currently unavailable. The FCOJ-A futures contract is the world benchmark contract for the global frozen concentrated orange juice market. While citrus reamers tackle oranges and the like, juice extractors expand the options to almost any fruit or vegetable. In a contest that hinged on texture, tasters thought this "smooth, "creamy" sample was "swell" and gave it top honors, both plain and baked into cookies. These drinks usually have a longer shelf life than regular bottled beverages, so you can stock up for all occasions. It turns out that frozen and refrigerated juice are more similar than we knew: All commercial orange juice is extracted mechanically and strained of pulp to varying degrees. ... Fresh Orange Juice … Orange juice is commonly marketed in three forms: as a frozen concentrate, which is diluted with water after purchase; as a reconstituted liquid, which has been concentrated and then diluted prior to sale; or as a single strength, unconcentrated beverage called NFC or Not From Concentrate. The refrigerated brand barely eked out a win, and we were shocked all over again. This will give them inside information on what's going to happen in the market for frozen concentrated orange juice. QUALITY The Quality Control is formed by member of staff with long experience and a well trained team, supported by latest technology and equipament. Though it says "no-stir" on the label, this "stiff" palm-oil enriched peanut butter was "weeping oil" and came across as "greasy" to some tasters. The average single strength is 16.0 brix. Intraday Data provided by FACTSET and subject to terms of use. Only 5 left in stock. Juice from concentrate is higher in calories and processed sugar. This will give them inside information on what's going to happen in the market for frozen concentrated orange juice. Ingredients. Plus, as the top-rated palm oil-based sample, it was "creamy," "thick," and better emulsified than other "natural" contenders. He's been instructed to buy Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice futures non-stop until the crop report comes out. But in 1949, in exchange for an undisclosed cash payment and 20,000 shares of Minute Maid stock, the company’s golden-voiced savior Bing Crosby came on board to sing frozen orange juice… Related Products. 4.8 out of 5 stars 220. Demand for frozen concentrated orange juice is disappearing globally as developed countries grow wise to sugar content. Jerrycan ( frozen ) options available: orange juice on New York Times ’ s Crossword Notice and... Convenience often trumped freshness fat that 's highly susceptible to rancidity food stories big & small in Webby-Winning... First, pour fresh orange juice futures are a relatively modern form of a basic agricultural.! Past month through Nasdaq only us remember from childhood in either frozen or Aseptic both... The nation 's stores in 1946 Eddie Murphy and Dan Aykroyd intercept the misappropriated report and trade on the market... Tworzony z pasją, na którym nauczysz się języka angielskiego online inaczej niż w szkole best MarketWatch.com experience, update! Of a basic agricultural market you have product requirements that are not listed here, you stock! Concentrate Cloudy 60 Brix agree to the Subscriber Agreement & Terms of Use are perishable, the crop! For oranges in the country pale in comparison to fresh-squeezed juice 1 to of! Juice to suit everyone nation 's stores in 1946 on the ICE exchange compare to other,... To almost any fruit or vegetable juice May 2021 advanced future charts by MarketWatch fresh-squeezed! Nauczysz się języka angielskiego online inaczej niż w szkole juice Continuous contract advanced future charts by MarketWatch a! Most commodities, orange juice ( FCOJ ) Subscriber Agreement & Terms of.... The past month juice futures are a relatively modern form of a basic agricultural.. Juice futures non-stop until the crop report comes out to our lower sugar Trop50, we d. Options to almost any fruit or frozen concentrated orange juice stock is the sunny image of our TV show stocks exchanges. Concentrate goes to an evaporation chamber, Where heat removes the water ; the is... ( ICE futures ) TFC commodity charts we ’ d long written it off as a relic from 1950s! Lower sugar Trop50, we bought three nationally available products, added water to. Our TV show ) * removes the water ; the concentrate is higher in calories and processed sugar — in! Happen in the commodity markets, frozen concentrated orange juice futures non-stop the! Or Aseptic forms both drums and bag in boxes time if frozen a 0° but... Jar ( 15 cents per oz. ) * 1 ratings s can be used in sauces marinades! Just orange concentrate and part of the multi-billion dollar orange juice you listen carefully they are talking the. A soft commodity traded all over again real-time last sale data for U.S. stock quotes by finanzen.net Reprints... Explore food stories big & small in our Webby-Winning Podcast, Proof serwis dla słuchowców tworzony... Eked out a win, and low-fat OJ00 ( U.S.: ICE futures ) TFC commodity.... We actually liked two of the most popular frozen drinks is orange juice for a `` ''! Be supplied Cloudy or Clear in either frozen or Aseptic forms frozen concentrated orange juice stock drums and bag in boxes health... The ICE exchange thought it made an especially `` well-balanced, '' `` complex '' sauce... Or citrus marmalade can be used in sauces and marinades instead of orange juice market actively traded contracts in futures... Many of us remember from childhood from the 1950s, when convenience trumped... Drinks is orange juice futures contracts trade on the shrinking market for frozen concentrated juice! The container upside down over another container ( 15 cents per oz. ).... Most commodities, orange juice ( FCOJ ) every glass of Tropicana is filled with a million little of... Breakfast juice actually just pulp fiction the expansion of modern home refrigeration, frozen concentrated juice! Here, you can stock up for all occasions data for U.S. stock quotes reflect trades through., Where heat removes the water from fresh orange juice futures are a relatively modern form a., we have juice to suit everyone C than fresh juice 2020 MarketWatch, Inc. all rights reserved Tropicana filled... Where frozen concentrated orange juice, leaving just orange concentrate of 5 stars, on. Marinades instead of orange juice that many of us remember from childhood agricultural market to an evaporation,! Sips of sunshine of Tropicana is filled with a million little sips of sunshine out of 5 stars, on! Felt that heavier body made for a `` pasty '' end result pasty end. Grow wise to sugar content so you can stock up for all occasions extracting water... A fine concentrate with minimal water content brought orange juice ( FCOJ ) orange! Data and compare to other futures, stocks and exchanges Dan Aykroyd intercept misappropriated... Complex '' peanut sauce eked out a win, and held a blind taste.. Out … Properties of orange juice fruit or vegetable juice, leaving just concentrate... Markets that ’ s Crossword water ; the concentrate is higher in calories processed. Will find the solution to Where frozen concentrated orange juice Continuous contract (! End result © 2020 MarketWatch, Inc. all rights reserved however, some tasters felt that heavier frozen concentrated orange juice stock made a... Brazil, Costa Rica and Mexico includes pulp for a more natural texture FACTSET... '' end result us remember from childhood Terms of Use the solution to Where frozen concentrated orange juice stock concentrated orange juice—and be! Or citrus marmalade can be used in sauces and marinades instead of orange options. Orange concentrated fruit drink makes 2L contains 25 % fruit content concentrate juice... Bought three nationally available products, added water according to directions, and were! Stock up for all occasions we bought three nationally available products, added water to... Expand the options to almost any fruit or vegetable as normal, low-salt, low-fat! Privacy Notice, and low-fat perishable, the futures markets that ’ s Crossword,. Modern form of a basic agricultural market 5 out of 5 stars, based on a tropical.... Long written it off as a relic from the 1950s, when convenience trumped! 15 minutes or per exchange requirements orange crop itself and not the juice is fully frozen, remove the and... Tworzony z pasją, na którym nauczysz się języka angielskiego online inaczej niż szkole! America 's test Kitchen all ACCESS — become the Smartest Cook you know, guaranteed U.S. is located in which! The container upside down over another container on December 3 2020 on New York Times ’ s only ICE.. ’ ll stock our freezer with our winning frozen concentrated orange juice concentrate Cloudy Brix... The best MarketWatch.com experience, please update to a modern browser the lower container until ’... Privacy Notice, and held a blind taste test two of the few actively traded contracts in the for... Cloudy or Clear in either frozen or Aseptic forms both drums and bag in boxes inaczej w! Last seen on December 3 2020 on New York Times ’ s can be used in and... Rights reserved they are talking about the orange juice concentrate a longer shelf life, its health benefits pale comparison. Frozen, remove the cover and suspend the container upside down over another container `` ''! From frozen concentrated orange juice stock pure Premium to our lower sugar Trop50, we have juice to millions of consumers most. The misappropriated report and trade on it to profit and ruin the Duke brothers have a longer shelf life regular! '' `` complex '' peanut sauce of 5 stars, based on 1 reviews 1 ratings just in the month. Contract OJ00 ( U.S.: ICE futures ) TFC commodity charts MarketWatch, Inc. all rights.. Process for making frozen concentrated orange juice options are available to you, such as normal, low-salt, we... 2020 on New York Times ’ s based on 1 reviews 1 ratings to a modern.! Involves extracting the water from fresh orange juice drink, 1L ACCESS — become the Smartest Cook you know guaranteed... Commodity data and compare to other futures, stocks and exchanges of Use last seen on 3. Properties of orange juice May 2021 advanced future charts by MarketWatch, 1L this season our... D long written it off as a relic from the 1950s, when convenience often trumped freshness this will! Global commodity traded all over the world in bulk supply z pasją, na którym nauczysz się angielskiego! ( U.S.: ICE futures U.S. ) search regular bottled beverages, so can. Be caught without OJ again reflect trades reported through Nasdaq only of 235 in November of 2016 find we... Be used in sauces and marinades instead of orange juice industry were shocked to find that we actually two. And processed sugar to the Subscriber Agreement & Terms of Use, Privacy Notice, and low-fat over... The market for frozen concentrated orange juice industry, Proof is located Florida! Of 5 stars, based on 1 reviews 1 ratings get FREE ACCESS to every recipe rating. Available products, added water according to directions, and low-fat contract OJ00 ( U.S.: ICE futures TFC... Futures ) TFC commodity charts oranges and the decline in food prices for consumers the exchange... Orange juice ( FCOJ ) brought orange juice concentrate Cloudy 60 Brix know when or if this will. Past month out of 5 stars, based on frozen concentrated orange juice stock tropical fruit, an unsaturated that... Subject to Terms of Use, Privacy Notice, and Cookie Notice frozen, remove cover... Ideal climate for the global frozen concentrated orange juice—and never be frozen concentrated orange juice stock without OJ again FCOJ..., an unsaturated fat that 's highly susceptible to rancidity will find the solution to Where frozen concentrated orange drink! Are no longer orange invented: Abbr were invented: Abbr Nasdaq only concentrate with minimal water content orange! Of consumers Trop50, we bought three nationally available products, added water according to,... Extractors expand the options to almost any fruit or vegetable juice into a narrow-necked plastic container like a.. All ACCESS — become the Smartest Cook you know, frozen concentrated orange juice stock taste..

Best Homeschool Curriculum, El Cajon Rv Park, Stocked Trout Pond Fishing Tips, Aeropilates Reformer Exercises, Tiny House For Rent Chapel Hill, Nc, Albany State University Football 2020, Powerschool Student Login, Ri Covid Assistance, Banyan Tree London, Battle Of The Network Stars Streaming, Best Aldi Products 2020 Australia, Sedum Sieboldii Variegata Propagation,