In humans, the brain also controls our use of language, and is capable of abstract thought. It includes the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. The cerebrum contains two hemispheres (the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere), each of which controls different functions. Merzenich’s research pointed to a concept that would come to be known as “brain plasticity.”. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? It functions as a primary receiver, organizer, and distributor of information for the body. brain (plural brains) 1. Learn a new word every day. Less than 1 percent of all people are ever pronounced brain dead. Not only did a cherished character get a bullet to the brain, but things are only going to get worse on The Walking Dead. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Meaning, Baggio argues, is not derived from input but results from the brain's internal construction process. to try very hard to understand and work out a problem, remember something, etc. Without blood to supply oxygen and nutrients and to remove waste products, brain cells quickly begin to die. The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. the chemistry of the brain the human brain the right/left hemisphere of the brain (=the right or left side of the brain) Emotional responses are a function of the right hemisphere of the brain. : the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another usually for better pay or living conditions Examples of brain drain in a Sentence Nothing has been done to stop the brain drain as more and more doctors move away from the area. It is the anterior part of the brain. Copyright © 2011. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? Forebrain – Largest part of the brain. It controls most of the activities of the body, processing, integrating, and coordinating the information it receives from the sense organs, and making decisions as to the instructions sent to the rest of the body. The forebrain parts include: … It is the passion of the body swamping the brain; it's an ape that has seized a gun, a beautiful modern gun. When a person dies, they typically die of what is referred to as \"cardiac death.\" This type of death occurs when the heart no longer beats to provide blood to the body and brain, which results in death. Send us feedback. The brain is made up of a special type of cells.They are connected with each other and with the nerves … © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Meaning of 'Brain' in Marathi - Marathi Meanings for English Words, English to Marathi Dictionary, Marathi to English Dictionary, Marathi Transliteration, Marathi Writing Software, Marathi Script Typing, Download Marathi Dictionary, Marathi Dictionary Software In general, the right hemisphere controls the left side of the body and such functions as spatial perception, whereas the left hemisphere controls the right side of the body and functions such as speech. All rights reserved. The brain is a mass of soft, spongy, pinkish gray nerve tissue that weighs about 1.2 kg in a human being. To strike a person in, on or upside the head deliberately and violently oftentimes with a blunt object. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. Brain, the mass of nerve tissue in the anterior end of an organism. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary The vast majority of deaths, approximately 99%, are cardiac deaths. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Define brain drain. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. Brain Meaning in Hindi: Find the definition of Brain in Hindi. Brain drain is a slang term indicating substantial emigration or migration of individuals. the part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of humans and other vertebrates, consisting of a soft, convoluted mass of gray and white matter and serving to control and coordinate the mental and physical actions. 1. the soft convoluted mass of nervous tissue within the skull of vertebrates that is the controlling and coordinating centre of the nervous system and the seat of thought, memory, and emotion. ; mind; intellect. It has a right half and a left half, each of which is called a hemisphere. Accessed 21 Dec. 2020. It is the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmitting information to the muscles and body organs. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary First recorded before 1000; Middle English; Old English, Dictionary.com Unabridged Connected to the spinal The brain consists of the medulla, which sends signals from the spinal cord to the rest of the brain and also controls the autonomic nervous system; the pons, a mass of nerve fibers connected to the medulla; the cerebellum, which controls balance and coordination; and the cerebrum, the outer layer of which, the cerebral cortex, is the location of memory, sight, speech, and other higher functions. Scientists are learning more about how the human, The other children always teased him about being such a, In support of his decision to commute Burrell's sentence, Governor Walz cited scientific evidence and Supreme Court rulings highlighting the difference between the, Isolation can lead to depression, and it's never been more important to come up with creative ways to stimulate the, Moriearty argued that Burrell's age at the time, a growing understanding of the difference between juvenile and adult, Full of omega-3 fatty acids, which play an essential role in, Also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, after the New York Yankees first baseman whose career ended abruptly because of it, ALS is a motor neuron disease impacting cells in the, Charles had been in Children’s Hospital for several weeks after suffering a hemorrhage and undergoing, Jackson and her neighbors are at risk of breathing, heart, skin and, To Rio’s distress, a group of boys at a table nearby start to flirt coarsely with the overdeveloped and somewhat under-, The people who can make an outsized difference bring a combination of what is conventionally known as left-, This has meant keeping the games going even as the league faced everything from domestic abuse cases to, The yawning space between is echoed by an endless lateral runway that makes every entrance and exit seem like a trek and requires the actors to duck their heads to avoid getting, Yet focusing on chicken shops is not completely bird-, Long before blows land, the audience is taking inventory of the props, assessing which could be used by one brother to, These structures also raise an ethical question that used to be strictly in the realm of science fiction — can. the controlling or guiding mechanism in a computer, robot, pacemaker, etc. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Some aspects of brain structure are common to almost the entire range of animal species; others distinguish "advanced" brains from more primitive ones, or distinguish vertebrates from invertebrates. Brain definition, the part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of humans and other vertebrates, consisting of a soft, convoluted mass of gray and white matter and serving to control and coordinate the mental and physical actions. It is connected at its base with the spinal cord, which is also … Recent blog articles from Slang.org. Any growth inside such a restricted space can cause problems. A bundle of nerves in many invertebrate animals that is similar to the vertebrate brain in function and position. It is made up of more than 100 billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses. It is the control center of the central nervous system, receiving sensory impulses from the rest of the body and transmitting motor impulses for the regulation of voluntary movement. The brain is the main control centre of the whole body. What made you want to look up brain? the brain as the center of thought, understanding, etc. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). brain (n.) "soft, grayish mass filling the cranial cavity of a vertebrate," in the broadest sense, "organ of consciousness and the mind," Old English brægen "brain," from Proto-Germanic *bragnan (source also of Middle Low German bregen, Old Frisian and Dutch brein), of uncertain origin, perhaps from PIE root *mregh-m(n)o-"skull, brain" (source also of Greek brekhmos "front part of the skull, top of the head"). With this book, Baggio offers the first integrated, multilevel theory of semantics in the brain, describing how meaning … Used in a Sentence: [recaptcha recaptcha-385] Thus concludes our slang archive for BRAIN. His sentiments apparently fell no further towards his heart than that; his brain belonged to the bridge of his nose. brain [brān] that part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium, comprising the forebrain (prosencephalon), midbrain (mesencephalon), and hindbrain (rhombencephalon); it develops from the embryonic neural tube. There is also apparently no superiority in brain weight in modern over ancient times. “Monolith” vs. “Megalith”: What’s The Difference? The human brain consists of three main parts. If you have any additional definitions of BRAIN that should be on this list, or know of any slang terms that we haven't already published, click here to let us know! All rights reserved. (breɪn ) noun. Learn more. before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a, 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from Old English brægen; akin to Middle Low German bregen brain, and perhaps to Greek brechmos front part of the head. In addition to the idioms beginning with brain, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Scientists are learning more about how the human brain works. Psychology Definition of BRAIN: n. in humans, refers to the anterior part of the central nervous system which is enlarged in size and encased in the cranium. understanding; intellectual power; intelligence. The cordyceps fungus is incredibly simple on its own, but it can control the brains of ants, making them into vehicles to climb up high and spread spores. Brain definition is - the portion of the vertebrate central nervous system enclosed in the skull and continuous with the spinal cord through the foramen magnum that is composed of neurons and supporting and nutritive structures (such as glia) and that integrates sensory information from inside and outside the body in controlling autonomic function (such as heartbeat and respiration), in coordinating … The brain also contains the centers of consciousness, thought, language, memory, and emotion. The central organ in the nervous system, protected by the skull. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'brain.' Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? It has helped me to better understand how the human brain works. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? At approximately 3 pounds, it contains about 100 billion neurons and 100 trillion connections. You lose connectivity between portions of your brain, and some regions even experience shrinkage, according to Williams. Learn more. a brain injury/tumor. A restricted space can cause problems part of the whole body an organism or opposite! Recaptcha recaptcha-385 ] Thus concludes our slang archive for brain plasticity. ” argues! Consciousness, thought, language, memory, and checking it twice... test Knowledge! Occurs when blood flow and “ Christmas ” to understand and work a... To use common sense inclusiveness, because we are quickly getting to a concept that would come to be as., Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/brain meaning to our world and our place in it centers of,. Right half and a left half, each of which controls different functions, pinkish gray meaning of brain. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the cerebrum, Dictionary.com. 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