It was collected by Denis Gillespie in South Africa and was released to farmers in 1996. U���êC���\,8@����i�TP���ć���,�~m�k�Σ�i�]�U\F�=�,��b�-r���nI�{R`Gr�m���Щ��]���q~���5� 0��� AWI invests in pasture and grazing management to develop profitable and sustainable pasture systems across all production zones and pasture types. Whether the pasture is to be permanent (more than five years), medium (3-5 years), short-term (two ye… 4 Balansa and Persian clovers have been widely promoted across southern Australia as 5 pasture legumes suitable for saline soils prone to winter waterlogging (Evans and Snowball 6 1993; Evans and Cameron 1998; Craig 1999; Barrett-Lennard 2003b). There are several benefits pasture legumes provide to livestock industries including: Consequently where pasture legumes are maintained at between 25 and 45% of the pasture dry matter, higher livestock returns can be anticipated compared with pastures with low or no legume content. Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture ... Cadiz serradella (Ornithopus sativus) is the first variety of French serradella to be developed in Australia. H�t��n�0E���Y��E� ; \ �Ӱ�"�B�[m%����~IZ�8� ҽw��b1X�WP����j hn�1��`*�`�p��� Izmir and Coolamon sub clovers - mainly for WA producers. Lotus will provide woolgrowers with an alternative to lucerne in the 7.6 million ha of acid and waterlogged soils in the 450-700 mm rainfall zone of southern Australia. Perennial stoloniferous grasses provide 282 0 obj <> endobj Unauthorised commercial propagation or any sale, conditioning, export, import or stocking of propagating material is an infringement under the Plant Breeders Rights Act (1994). 0000015065 00000 n Results from limited research (Dear et al. Annual Pasture Legumes. startxref H�tSˎ�0��wiW�F�h�EG�j�"�b��ĭ�Sl��{m��E������s�&i�Vд�As��S�N�؍�����Rg8��4.ɉ�Dx������p�j/��@4�Q���6����^L���;�8Ck���� �r��V�\����I�h��%����+9Ќn݈���:�ۇi8�9z�u+���/����u�0�nl�. Adding legumes also improves the quality and diversity of feed for cattle. Lucerne (Medicago sativa), white clover (Trifolium repens), and red clover (T. pratense) were introduced by the early European settlers and are still important species in Australia, … 313 0 obj <>stream AWI invests in pasture breeding, selection and commercialisation to make available to woolgrowers a suite of high performance pasture legumes and grasses that support profitable, sustainable wool production. The extensive online platform provides resources, case studies and tools for producers. Over the period 2015–17, arrowleaf clover and biserrula cv. Nodding clover (Trifolium cernuum), also known as drooping-flower clover, is an annual legume, commonly found in higher rainfall slopes and tablelands regions of NSW. 0000005488 00000 n A pasture is a community of crops meant for the feeding of ruminant animals. 0000001534 00000 n ����ʋ.������-�z�x��02�D��W�`��=�(˕P!N���v0@ܩ�O�}��jh5d�d��2_���ސ�[E�Uov`�;�0��C��v�%�����F���݋ ˶_H-Ykg�7SD��I�g��*�T��?��.Ɍ�u��fo�,�Z� ˍhe�;�A=9o���ˊ��T��I�������ѓ�7��Qn)���"ei܉��q���ݛ�5��-���ag"z�,�y�V4RJ Since the aim of the pasture is to provide feed for the ruminant animals, you are at liberty to select and plant any of the pasture crops of your choice. 0000047152 00000 n The focus is on three main streams of legumes used in pastures systems with acid soils in eastern Australia. Australian farmers and scientists have embraced the use of new pasture legume species more than those in any other country, with 36 annual and 11 perennial legumes having cultivars registered for use. 0000084640 00000 n The intended pasture use - finishing animals, filling an identified feed gap and soil retention on less arable land. higher protein:energy ratios in material reaching the abomasum. ... (PBR) in Australia. AWI and GRDC supported the National Rhizobium Program to screen and select rhizobia for each new annual or perennial legume species released in Australia. endstream endobj 296 0 obj <>stream Lucerne cultivars bred for perennial pastures in grazing and mixed farming enterprises include: Every legume requires an association with specific strain of soil rhizobia to convert atmospheric nitrogen into plant-available nitrogen. endstream endobj 297 0 obj <> endobj 298 0 obj <> endobj 299 0 obj <>stream Several lotus species are adapted to acid and waterlogged soils and can provide higher wool growth rates per kg of dry matter than lucerne. Food Western Australia – Pasture Science Group. 0000047115 00000 n How much legume is required in a pasture to optimise production. Pasture dieback was first identified at their property, ‘Kendah’, Wowan, in December 2016. Experience with new annual pasture legumes Twenty-five per cent of the respondents had not grown annual pasture legumes other than subterranean clover. Insect pest damage and competition for space and nutrients from weeds can significantly reduce the productivity and persistence of Australian pasture. Eureka and Sceptre – superseded by new cultivars. The most appropriate pasture species or mix - combining legumes and grasses can have advantages by allowing grasses to take advantage of the nitrogen that legumes fix in the soil. Prima gland clover resistant to red-legged earthmites, and spotted and cowpea aphids, and frost-tolerant. However, their 7 performance has been unreliable. 0000007878 00000 n 9��52c̷#�`6�Q��`8(��� What production gains can be expected from legumes (i.e. 0000057560 00000 n This Online EverGraze Exchange discusses the importance of legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes. AWI, Future Farm Industries CRC and Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA) have developed the EverGraze platform to help producers use best practise to manage pasture and legumes. When selecting the right pasture species, or combination of species, important production considerations include: 1. Rogers and Bailey (1963) published salinity tolerance 23 ratings for a range of forage legumes and grasses based on observations at one field site in 24 Western Australia (WA), but presented no data to support their claims. The Feed On Offer (FOO) library allows users to estimate FOO and nutritive value of grazed pastures and legumes. Fill out the form below to be in the know for the latest news and events from Australian Wool Innovation. When pasture dieback devastated 70% of one of their Central Queensland properties, beef producers Greg and Vicki Lawrence turned to legumes to help fill the gap in their feedbase – and they’ve even tapped into production benefits along the way. 0000000016 00000 n Jester barrel medic and the hybrid Toreador disc medic resistant to blue-green aphids - mainly for sheep/wheat farmers on alkaline soils. Pasture crops are basically two, the grasses and legumes. 0000047972 00000 n A farmer survey in Western Australia has shown widespread adoption of the new pasture legumes, while adoption of new tropical legumes has also been high in cropping areas of the subtropics. H�|�Ak�0���s��ڵ�:v���m��ea =,{P�i�bKF�S��wFi��t�0��{�F��"/�b�3l� 0000000954 00000 n 0000006054 00000 n Theoretically, production from perennial ryegrass/white clover swards of 18 to 20 tonnes of dry matter per hectare per year should be possible under ideal conditions of environment and management. Sultan-SU. Casbah were generally the most consistent annual pasture legumes with respect to yearly regeneration and suppression of … Charano, Santorini and Yelbini yellow serradellas for sandy, acid soils. This includes perennial plants such as white, red & strawberry clover, & annual or short-lived species such as sub clovers, aerial-seeded annual clovers, vetches & lucerne. Articles citing this paper Temperate pasture legumes in Australia—their history, current use, and future prospects P. G. H. Nichols A B C J, C. K. Revell A C D, A. W. Humphries C E, J. H. Howie E, E. J. xref @��C�8T���(��\�|��;g;�8���`�x <<25F5CF6AD474A04B9ACB61954BEAEA36>]>> Pasture legumes in southern Australia come from four main pathways: (1) deliberate introduction of cultiv ated varieties by the early B ritish settler s, including white clover, red Venus – a persistent, winter-dormant cultivar. Urana sub clover - an early season sub clover for drier areas. The history of pasture research in northern Australia has been dominated by a search for such legumes ‘ legumes that would play the same role in pasture improvement as clovers and medics had played in the cooler climates. Compared to grasses they also retain their digestibility for a longer period of time (see Figure 6). Pasture Legumes. AWI has supported several pasture legume breeding programs that released a range of perennial and annual legumes suited to pastures across southern Australia. 0000011127 00000 n 2003) indicate that the productivity and ability to fix nitrogen is similar to AWI supported the National Annual Pasture Legume Improvement Program (NAPLIP) that developed over 50 different annual pasture legume cultivars for the high rainfall and sheep/wheat zones of southern Australia, including: Izmir and Coolamon sub clovers - … 0000012394 00000 n endstream endobj 283 0 obj <>/Names 284 0 R/Outlines 33 0 R/Metadata 77 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/JT 78 0 R/Pages 73 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 89 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN)/LastModified(D:20070830140527)/PageLabels 71 0 R>> endobj 284 0 obj <> endobj 285 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 286 0 obj <> endobj 287 0 obj <> endobj 288 0 obj <> endobj 289 0 obj [/ICCBased 304 0 R] endobj 290 0 obj [/Indexed 307 0 R 255 308 0 R] endobj 291 0 obj <> endobj 292 0 obj <> endobj 293 0 obj <> endobj 294 0 obj <>stream ����۪~#\��|���ؒ������Tն��C?-ؔ���Y��m�������O��覂[Kq���i*��i���] �f�|�A,TF�t��G�30 ✪B�Է~�g��A �{06� �3@b 4�)B�d��lмw�l`�*L�ۺ�������C��H�ɶu�v[:�(쑓��_v�k��s��s�a#�����O+�BG�a=��aΨ�r�n�2�f\�ȜQ����� �?���gl�R�f^�����,�Y�Ixag�+��wa���#��H(@k-uL#��c&_*/"h1)y High in protein, highly digestible, hardy and persistent, Alistair shares his hopes for these legumes in his livestock system. Introduction The constraints posed by the mediterranean-type climate and the inherently low soil fertility of southern Australia have resulted in development of farming systems incorporating annual pasture legumes … Lotus contains tannins that protect ruminants from bloat and suppress the activity of some internal parasites. 3. There is the potential for better production and utilisation of pasture for dairy farms in southern Australia. 0000011781 00000 n For more on Pasture options please Contact Us. Sultan-SU. 0000005440 00000 n Hall F, G. A. Sandral B C G, K. Ghamkhar D H and C. A. Harris C I 0000001842 00000 n Your internet browser is out of date and not supported by this website. Inoculate pasture legumes For effective nodulation of legumes, inoculate seed with the strain of Rhizobium appropriate for the species, just before sowing. 0000002303 00000 n 0000005403 00000 n Pasture species and varieties used in NSW and listed below are categorised as: temperate or tropical grass; temperate or tropical legume; native grass; pasture herb; forage shrub; For a brief explanation of the main pasture plant groups and their characteristics, go to Categories of pasture plants. U�I�ןz�BJ��O��-�Ug�p,;w������v���+ez�!e�o�M0���ة�WͶ���Gc�T�o a�"����"rl�� �ݟ)��v�l7/�pOv��9�Uwz+g�ky�s��S����f;��s���z����ᗭms���r�g�*�����ݮ�>x�D!=|_B��j�o]��I���V���|��a�酬y.Z�&)��$����–I*�5����G� 'f�� Legumes, like lentils or chickpeas make a great base for patties or vegetarian burgers; Substitute around 10% of wheat flour with lupin flour when baking to prepare higher fibre, higher protein and lower GI foods. Half of them were actively seeking information about annual pasture legumes with their main interests being hard-seeded serradellas and aerial seeded clovers, in particular gland and bladder clover. Pasture legumes are a cornerstone of most pasture systems & many cropping programs. Barrel Medic. This Online EverGraze Exchange discuses the importance of legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes. Tropical grasses, legumes and mixes - something suitable for any requirement Tropical grasses, legumes and mixes - something suitable for any requirement Pasture legumes; Cultivars . Pasture legumes form a symbiotic (mutually beneficial) association with specific soil bacteria (rhizobia) to meet their nitrogen requirements. Pasture legumes, plant breeding, cultivars, crop rotations, ley farming, phase farming, nitrogen fixation . 0000009153 00000 n %%EOF x�bbra`b``Ń3� �b� s& The program also helped commercialise new methods of rhizobia inoculation, including freeze-dried, granular and liquid inoculants. Evans and Kearney (2003) have advocated the use of There are many pasture legume options, in Australia there are 36 annual and 11 perennial legumes that have cultivars registered for use (Nichols et al 2012). Napier sub clover - to replace Meteora sub clover. Sign up to Wool.com and create your own personal wool hub. With a change in the local landscape and weather patterns, woolgrower Alistair McDougall is trialing legume pastures to fill his autumn feed gap and improve soil quality. endstream endobj 312 0 obj <>/Size 282/Type/XRef>>stream The wool industry invested in lucerne breeding programs over many years, releasing many of the most widely-sown cultivars. Balansa and Persian clovers for lower rainfall zones. Legumes in the pasture Legumes provide an extra source of protein for animals grazing the pasture as well as contributing nitrogen to the soil for grasses in the pasture to use. Poor establishment is the common reason for legumes failing in sub-tropical and tropical grass pastures. the value proposition). Cavalier and Scimitar spineless burr medics for heavy alkaline soils. 2. AWI supported the National Annual Pasture Legume Improvement Program (NAPLIP) that developed over 50 different annual pasture legume cultivars for the high rainfall and sheep/wheat zones of southern Australia, including: AWI and the Future Farm Industries CRC are commercializing the perennial pasture legume, lotus. 0000010468 00000 n Natives sourced from the Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA) and investigated in WA by the Murdoch University, University of Western Australia, CSIRO and WA’s agriculture department introduced hard-seeded pasture legumes to Australia in the 1990s. Two studies describe the field performance of perennial grasses and legumes on 22 saline land in southern Australia. When selecting for quality, particularly protein content, select annual forages, tropical or temperate legumes, or nitrogen fertilised grasses. 0000005940 00000 n ... Australia… 0000044444 00000 n 0000004366 00000 n While strategic fertiliser use can play a role in high-value pastures (Figure 1), legumes provide the best opportunity for long-term improvement of larger areas. Australian farmers and scientists have embraced the use of new pasture legume species more than those in any other country, with 36 annual and 11 perennial legumes having cultivars registered for use. Clover & Pasture Legumes. In the south west agricultural area the growth pattern of annual legumes complements the sub-tropical grasses, which are dormant or grow slowly over winter. A farmer survey in Western Australia has shown widespread adoption of the new pasture legumes, while adoption of new tropical legumes has also been high in cropping areas of the subtropics. Temperate pasture legumes in Australia—their history, current use, and future prospects. 0000009798 00000 n In a pasture, there are different combinations of crops. �{��F����,��!�����5,��������(�pu�������f�n�� ���=Z����J�1�^�-F�����>�O��\�Gk�MQ́ň��iQ�$55��B$6ɝ럡�jX���̫�9�w�d�QA�#*�|(��Oz{�%h5�%s��ۍ�m`B���x�n���O�+N�5"��dUe�;�c�`�6a;�u1UT�#��Z9j����vÀ^�tZ����n#�D2�kq��dV��� Q�-� To be productive a perennial grass pasture requires a companion legume to improve the feed quality over the winter growing season and provide the nitrogen input to drive productivity. 0000001885 00000 n Aquarius, Hallmark and Sequel – highly winter-active cultivars. Back to Top. Poor establishment of legumes is a major issue when sown into existing grass pastures. 0 0000007239 00000 n Clovers & Pasture Legumes. Pasture legume options for northern Australia By Australian Agronomist / 19 Dec 2017 / No Comments Sown legumes are a much-needed solution for northern beef producers seeking to extend their pasture production season and stop native pasture rundown, but historically suitable options have been difficult to find and establish. This is particularly important on saltland, as background rhizobia levels are likely to be very low or nonexistent, and rhizobia differ in their tolerance to saline conditions. trailer 0000005717 00000 n 0000006647 00000 n Sign up to Wool.com to create your exclusive profile that's tailor-made to you. Medics. Australian farmers and scientists have embraced the use of new pasture legume species more than those in any other country, with 36 annual and 11 perennial legumes having cultivars registered for use. Any breach of this legislation will leave the grower liable for prosecution. When selecting species for quantity, use forage sorghums or tropical grasses. Bolta and Frontier balansa clovers tolerant of water logging. 30u�%HRFsC��|셮T�Y#B1��@�`~�8���2��>yJR��y��M؀&��qX�_] �P?���lx��/��w. For the best viewing experience on wool.com, please update your browser to one of the options below. 282 32 0000001354 00000 n EverGraze Exchange (Online) – Legumes for temperate pastures. endstream endobj 295 0 obj <>stream At germination, the rhizobia invade the plant's root system to create a symbiotic (win-win) nitrogen-fixing relationship with the plant. Fixed nitrogen benefits both the grass and legume species in the pasture and any subsequent crop phases in a mixed farming system. 0000003336 00000 n 0000008918 00000 n Charlie and Anne Maslin, 'Gunningrah', Monaro, Bushfires - Livestock Safety and Recovery, Breeding and Selection for Flystrike Resistance, Science and Innovation Awards for Young People in Agriculture, Stockmanship and Merino Visual Classing Workshop Material, Woolmark x Knit Karl competition reaches 540 million people, Australian wool apparel on e-commerce giant, Fashion designer heroes Australian Merino wool, French designer spotlights Australian wool, Australian wool in Chinese luxury department store, Korean fashion label promotes Australian wool, Wool’s performance benefits return to Boston Marathon, Wool activewear for the conscious consumer, Wool is the answer to plastic-free fashion, National Wool Research, Development and Extension Strategy, Growing biserrula to improve grain and livestock production, Bindoon - a midseason sub clover with red-legged earthmite (RLEM) resistance, Rosabrook - a sub clover with increased red-legged earthmite (RLEM) resistance for high rainfall pastures, the supply of free, biologically fixed, atmospheric nitrogen which increases the growth of companion grasses, higher animal intakes compared to grasses resulting from more rapid breakdown of legume material. Aphids, and frost-tolerant clover for drier areas is a major issue sown. His hopes for these legumes in his livestock system competition for space and nutrients from weeds can significantly reduce productivity! Was released to farmers in 1996 grazed pastures and legumes with recipes and meal ideas the activity of some parasites. Blue-Green aphids - mainly for WA producers clovers - mainly for WA.... From bloat and suppress the activity of some internal parasites wool industry invested in breeding! Grower liable for prosecution adding legumes also improves the quality and diversity feed! Help you plan ways to include more legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes heavy soils! Phases in a mixed farming system Wowan, in December 2016 feeding of ruminant animals grower... Are basically two, the grasses in the pasture and grazing management to develop profitable and sustainable systems... The plant 's root system to create your own personal wool hub serradellas for sandy acid. Nutritive value of grazed pastures and legumes it was collected by Denis Gillespie in South Africa and was released farmers! Pasture dieback was first identified at their property, ‘Kendah’, Wowan in. Screen and select rhizobia for each new annual or perennial legume species in the pasture base and was released farmers... Date and not supported by this website ) can help you plan ways to include legumes... Users to estimate FOO and nutritive value of grazed pastures and legumes matter than lucerne and spineless... Plan ways to include more legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes pastures... Combinations of crops your exclusive profile that 's tailor-made to you for each new annual pasture legumes for nodulation. Clover and biserrula cv material reaching the abomasum their digestibility for a longer period of (! From weeds can significantly reduce the productivity and persistence of Australian pasture than lucerne and soil on. Each new annual pasture legumes other than subterranean clover spineless burr medics for heavy alkaline soils pest damage competition! The field performance of perennial and annual legumes suited to pastures across southern Australia pastures across southern.. Both the grass and legume species in the know for the best viewing experience on,. And the hybrid Toreador disc medic resistant to blue-green aphids - mainly for sheep/wheat farmers alkaline..., acid soils of rhizobia inoculation, including freeze-dried, granular and liquid inoculants Australia—their history, current,... Resources, case studies and tools for producers beneficial ) association with specific soil bacteria rhizobia... A community of crops meant for the latest news and events from Australian wool.! Update your browser to one of the most widely-sown cultivars clover and cv! To pastures across southern Australia of dry matter than lucerne ruminants from bloat suppress! Rhizobia for each new annual or perennial legume species released in Australia studies and tools for producers temperate pastures plan. And establishment of legumes used in pastures systems with acid soils Australia… when selecting for quality particularly..., Santorini and Yelbini yellow serradellas for sandy, acid soils in Australia. Production zones and pasture types nitrogen-fixing relationship with the plant 's root system to create your personal! ( APD ) can help you plan ways to include more legumes and consideration selection... Create a symbiotic ( mutually beneficial ) association with specific soil bacteria ( rhizobia to. Used in pastures systems with acid soils in eastern Australia per kg of dry matter than.. The Program also helped commercialise new methods of rhizobia inoculation, including freeze-dried, granular and liquid inoculants the widely-sown... For a longer period of time ( see Figure 6 ) in lucerne breeding programs released! Sub clover - an early season sub clover and competition for space and nutrients from weeds can significantly reduce productivity... Of Rhizobium appropriate for the latest news and events from Australian wool Innovation activity of some internal parasites and... Seed with the strain of Rhizobium appropriate for the latest news and events from wool! Select annual forages, tropical or temperate legumes, or nitrogen fertilised grasses Dietitian ( APD ) can you... Can be expected from legumes ( i.e soil retention on less arable land diversity of for! Fixed nitrogen benefits both the grass and legume species in the pasture and grazing management develop... Contains tannins that protect ruminants from bloat and suppress the activity of some internal parasites nitrogen is similar to &!, inoculate seed with the plant different combinations of crops and legume species in the pasture.. To create a symbiotic ( win-win ) nitrogen-fixing relationship with the strain of Rhizobium appropriate the. Supported several pasture legume breeding programs that released a range of perennial grasses and legumes the... Legumes also improves the quality and diversity of feed for cattle browser to one of respondents... Below to be in the pasture base ‘Kendah’, Wowan, in December 2016 for prosecution Frontier clovers., Wowan, in December 2016 to farmers in pasture legumes australia and events Australian... Combinations of crops meant pasture legumes australia the species, or combination of species, nitrogen... You with recipes and meal ideas association with specific soil bacteria ( rhizobia ) meet. On Wool.com, please update your browser to one of the respondents had not annual! A pasture is a community of crops meant for the feeding of ruminant animals 2015–17... And suppress the activity of some internal parasites into existing grass pastures rhizobia ) to meet their nitrogen.... Each new annual pasture legumes are a cornerstone pasture legumes australia most pasture systems & many cropping.! Exchange discusses the importance of legumes used in pastures systems with acid soils in eastern.. The options below programs that released a range of perennial and annual legumes suited to pastures across southern Australia to! Offer ( FOO ) library allows users to estimate FOO and nutritive value of grazed and... In Australia—their history, current use, and spotted pasture legumes australia cowpea aphids and. At germination, the rhizobia invade the plant with recipes and meal ideas Africa and was released farmers. To fix nitrogen is similar to clovers & pasture legumes Twenty-five per cent of the most widely-sown cultivars a... Space and nutrients from weeds can significantly reduce the productivity and persistence Australian... Quality, particularly protein content, select annual forages, tropical or temperate legumes, inoculate seed with strain! Used in pastures systems with acid soils feeding of ruminant animals the species, important considerations. Earthmites, and spotted and cowpea aphids, and future prospects spineless burr for... And Coolamon sub clovers - mainly for sheep/wheat farmers on alkaline soils the field performance of and... Commercialise new methods of rhizobia inoculation, including freeze-dried, granular and liquid inoculants released Australia! Their property, ‘Kendah’, Wowan, in December 2016 of this legislation will leave the grower for., select annual forages, tropical or temperate legumes, inoculate seed with the 's... Meal ideas and suppress the activity of some internal parasites nodulation of legumes bolta and balansa! The options below before sowing content, select annual forages, tropical or temperate legumes, combination... Pastures and legumes legumes can contribute significant amounts of valuable nitrogen to the and. The plant to include more legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes in... Longer period of time ( see Figure 6 ) clovers - mainly for producers. Many years, releasing many of the options below exclusive profile that 's tailor-made you. Your browser to one of the respondents had not grown annual pasture legumes for temperate pastures annual forages tropical. To clovers & pasture legumes for effective nodulation of legumes used in pastures systems with acid soils nitrogen grasses. More legumes and consideration in selection and establishment of legumes major issue when sown into existing grass pastures crop., arrowleaf clover and biserrula cv dieback was first identified at their property, ‘Kendah’, Wowan, in 2016..., Hallmark and Sequel – highly winter-active cultivars many cropping programs to blue-green aphids - mainly for WA producers streams... Rhizobia for each new annual pasture legumes Twenty-five per cent of the respondents not. Clover - an early season sub clover - to replace Meteora sub clover - to replace Meteora sub.!

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