This is where they differ from Christians and other religions (Robinson and Rodrigues 86). Islam also believes that Muhammad was not founding a new religion. Christianity has a cross with vertical and horizontal reaches. Islam also witnesses that Muhammad was the son of God and that Jesus also was just an ordinary man. 5. 2. Judaism is connected with the rabbis of the second century; many historians, however, believe Hillel, a Pharisee, was the real founder. The following looks at the major world religions... Hinduism, New Age Spirituality, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Islam encompasses a way of life, a code of ethics, a culture, and a system of laws. For Islam, celebration honoring a spiritual savior is obeyed (Mawlid An Na-bi), Christians (Christmas), and Buddhism (Buddha’s Birthday). It would be easy to think that there are some stark differences between them, but in fact their basic beliefs are similar. What are the basic common practices/ethical codes which hold our Church as a community of believers together? Also, the majority of Christians keep Sunday as a day of worship and observe Easter and Christmas as celebrations of Christ’s resurrection and birth. 2. How should we respond to people who have different religious beliefs? There are also many differences that separate the three major religions of the world. For Muslim followers, they believe in the Day of Judgment, and heaven and hell. They believe that Jesus Christ died for their sins Without Him there is no opportunity for humans to be redeemed in His eyes. Some differences among these religions are their prayers, symbol and views on afterlife. Judaism consists of a system of laws which includes adherence to dietary restrictions, monotheistic worship, a Saturday Sabbath, and observation of annual holy day festivals. Islam also recognizes the Torah, the Psalms, and Gospel of Jesus. The major five religions have existed for thousands of years. Hence, the five major religions spread the message to their adherents to accomplish this goal and create parity as the basis of their principles and practices. Muhammad, the founder of Muslim faith is believed to have been born in Mecca in 570. Religious history gives little information about him. Buddhism and Hinduism believe in the cycle of birth and death. Buddhism founder is Sidharta Gautama. Christianity teaches that when a person dies, they are resurrected as the same person. Buddhism and Hinduism, on the other hand, is polytheist. Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam believe in after life, though the afterlife situation varies across these religions because of their teachings; similarities in their beliefs are distinct (Moreman 84). There are currently more than 300 million Buddhists in the world. The believers of this religion worship one ultimate Being, called Brahman, through an infinite number of representations of various gods and goddesses. Judaism claims over 14 million adherents around the world. Muslims believe that God sent him as the messenger of good news. A sense of … Print. All these religions believe the Supreme Authority is Almighty, All pervading and beyond the Law of Change (Gwynne 123). Revelation 12:9 Satan has deceived the whole world. On the other hand, they do also show differences in their teachings, practices, rituals among others. Basic Differences between the Five Major Religions of the World Judaism, Christianity and Islam are called monotheistic that believe and worship in one God. The five major religions have some similarities on this issue. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Gwynne (95) notes the similarity among the Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is the existence of a Supreme Authority. 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